Efficiency and Equity

Welfare, efficiency, equity and possible conflicts; inequal-
ity and the socio-economic ‘gradient’; evaluating efficiency at system level: international comparisons in the developed world; techniques for measuring equity and inequity; evaluat- ing equity at system level: equity in financing arrangements; evaluating equity at system level: equity in service access and delivery; evaluating equity at system level: equity in the dis- tribution of health; institutional arrangements for efficiency and equity; implications for health care financing and delivery systems in the developed world; centralization and decentral- ization in health care; the role and regulation of markets in developed countries.